Fuel Supply System Description - High Pressure Fuel Pump CR-V

Fuel Supply System Description - High Pressure Fuel Pump

Outline

The high pressure fuel pump is installed on the cylinder head; it is driven mechanically by a foursquare cam installed on the camshaft. The pump pressurizes the fuel sent from the fuel tank to high pressure, and supplies the fuel via the fuel joint pipe and the fuel rail to the fuel injectors. The powertrain control module (PCM) controls the fuel control solenoid to obtain the optimum fuel pressure for the driving conditions, based on the signal from the fuel rail pressure sensor.

Construction

The high pressure fuel pump is composed of the pulsation damper, the suction valve, the fuel control solenoid, the suction valve spring, the piston, the pressure check valve, and the pressure relief valve.

Operation

Suction

The piston is moved down by the rotation of the foursquare cam of the exhaust camshaft, and the fuel from the fuel tank passes through the suction valve and is drawn into the pressure chamber.

Pressure adjustment

The piston is pushed up by the cam because of the rotation of the camshaft, and the fuel drawn in is from the suction valve. The pulsation damper absorbs and dampens the pulsations caused by the piston displacement, and performs mixing of the fuel sent under pressure from the fuel tank.

Compression

The PCM uses the signal from the fuel rail pressure sensor to control the fuel control solenoid to match the driving conditions; it also closes the suction valve as required. The piston rises further, and the pressurized fuel passes through the pressure check valve, and is then supplied as high pressure fuel to the injectors. When the camshaft rotates further and the piston starts to descend, the pressure check valve closes, the PCM switches the fuel control solenoid OFF, the suction valve opens, and fuel is drawn in again-

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